Naturaleza Juridica De La Medicina Legal En Mexico

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From a medico-legal point of view, two types of substances can be distinguished: A medico-legal autopsy or medico-legal autopsy is the examination of the body to determine if there are pathological changes or injuries that serve to clarify the cause of death in a legal case for which the reason for the death and whether the death is due to a criminal offence must be disclosed. Development professionals must be able to prepare legal documents such as certificates of injury, drunkenness, and death. Forensics is a multidisciplinary field that is in contact with the law and the legal system. Thus, our doctors can have knowledge in pathologies, biology, genetics, etc. It allows you to perform autopsies, investigate crime scenes and accidents. Forensic toxicology is the branch of forensic medicine that examines toxic, chemical or toxic substances on the body in relation to crimes, methods of forensic examination in case of poisoning and death. Those who do this work are coroners, whose name has evolved to that of legal physician, as they currently cover a wider field of practice due to the development of medical society and its relationship with the law. In addition, these forensic pathology experts are licensed pathology physicians who have knowledge in analyzing the following: Forensic pathology requires related medical, legal, administrative, ethical and scientific knowledge, as well as working with bibliographic and scientific databases that support your criminal investigation for legal advice. As a medical expert, a relevant figure in this field. Forensic experts are needed to perform health care assessment for patients as: Forensics requires a thorough and extensive knowledge of the human body, as well as scientific preparation for certain specialized applications depending on the field of activity.

To this end, all features and details that may give indications of medico-legal or legal problems are noted. The possible intervention of forensic medicine in crimes against sexual integrity and reparation could be made on: Forensic pathology or forensic pathology is a set of scientific disciplines of the branch of medicine that deal with the application of forensic knowledge. One of the main objectives is to clarify violations and identify perpetrators. After the examination, the coroner writes the protocol clearly, precisely and without technical details, so that it is understandable to non-physicians, including all autopsy results in the report. Incorporate everything into an expert opinion or forensic report. Forensic medicine is closely linked to medical expertise. Both live in the space between medicine and law and try to give technical-medical explanations about events that have certain legal implications. Thanatology in the context of forensics explains what happens to a body after death and distinguishes 4 stages in its decomposition process: Forensic genetics is the specialty of forensic medicine, which identifies victims of crimes or disasters, establishes biological relationships between people, and rejects or implicates suspects of a crime. It is usually performed in an institute of forensic medicine. Forensic medicine attempts to answer questions of a medical nature that arise in the field of law, so it is carried out by medical experts.

They are conducted in the face of legal proceedings appointed by a party to a dispute or by the court itself. The forensic experts belonging to the PJ GROUP are experts in the field that exists in relation to the medical discipline with the legal system. It is the part of forensic medicine that examines biological or bodily fluids (blood, semen, saliva, sweat, tears, vitreous, etc.) to achieve one of the following purposes: Forensic psychiatry includes psychiatric forensic terms and is defined as the application of clinical psychiatry to law (criminal, civil, labor, canonical). Forensic medicine and in particular thanatology are used when: Forensic ballistics is the specialty of forensic forensics, which examines portable firearms, their mechanisms, suitability and functioning, ammunition, trajectory and effects. Forensic ballistics works in the four main branches into which ballistic science is divided: In each of the aspects of medicine, it must be carried out according to ethical principles of action for one of the areas of the relationship in society or its peculiarity arising from the doctor-patient relationship. What is required of the forensic pathologist is to determine whether the subject of the expert was in one of the states established by law and not to make a clinical diagnosis of the person who committed the alleged crime or prohibition. It is the field of forensics and forensics that studies every change in health and all the other damage that leaves a material trace on the human body. The change in anatomical structure may or may not affect the function of an organ or tissue due to external or internal influences that may cause injury within a certain time and space.

We can briefly define ethics as a set of moral standards that govern the behavior of the person in all spheres of life and the coroner as an expert in forensic and forensic pathology. These specialists apply specific procedures and methods of the specialty of forensic and forensic medicine, as well as the professional skills acquired as researchers, to analyze, identify and solve medico-legal problems raised by the respective estates. As a branch of forensic medicine that examines poisons in relation to a criminal act, it establishes the link between causes of death and its complications.